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Among the basic goals in permaculture design is to generate cycles just like in natural ecosystems so that there is minimal waste and maximum benefits. For this, recycling is essential. Animal manure is food for the plants. Dry, fallen leaves rot and turn back to soil. There is no waste in nature. With all the technology, knowhow, we humans could do better than litter our planet with limited boundaries. We do not have to create huge problems such as pollution, excess waste...

Recycling Gray Water:

We installed seperate piping during building construction. We collect and filter the gray water to water our gardens. In the kitchen, toilets & baths we only user biodegradable cleaning products which are much easier to filter and use safely.

Simple filter ponds with gravel, mulch, plants like reeds are sufficient to filter graywater.

Thus the filtered graywater can be used in our gardens.

Recycling Kitchen & Garden Waste:

Most kitchen waste can be composted or thrown in worm farms to obtain the valuable 'vermicompost'.

Worm farms can be easily constructed/prepared with a wooden crate or with an old bathtub. Put some soil at the bottom, then put the worms and keep feeding them with kitchen waste, cardboard clippings, straw, grass...

Kompost gübre yapımı

Lawn grass + dried leaves + mulch + kitchen waste + fresh animal manure + worms + wood ash from stoves + urine + rock minerals... are layered on top of each other. Each layer is watered plentifully. In a couple of day this pile starts heating up - recycling is started. Every couple of days turn the pipe upside down, the heating and decomposition continues. Within a month or maybe earlier you obtain 'compost' - the most fertile fertilizer for the gardens which will continue feeding your plants for 8 months.

Recycling the Soil:

Kerpiç Yapımı

During construction the excess soil from excavations can be a huge problem. Usually this soil is dumped somewhere. But this soil can be used:

  • top soil is saved for gardening.
  • the remaining soil is sifted. This then can be used in natural building materials such as cod, adobe, plaster...
  • the gravel left behind can be laid down on pavements, pathways.
Kerpiç Yapımı

Click on the 'Story of the Chestnut Tree' for a different recycling story!

Many materials that are seen as problem, maybe the solution for a permaculturist!
  • In the fall, the pruned branches may be a problem for many city municipalities. But then these can be mulched and used for compost.

  • In street markets, many left overs could be used for worm food in worm farms.

  • Brick dust from brick factories can be used in natural building materials....

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